Norm’s note: Can elements of an individual organism’s experiences, learned or acquired during that individual’s lifetime and prior to sexual reproduction, be transmitted to an offspring? And if so, how would that happen? Would the encoding of that ‘memory’ or ‘habit’ occur ‘genetically’ or might it be through a process that Rupert Sheldrake calls ‘morphic resonance,’ or a combination of both, reinforced of course by environmental constants? Rupert Sheldrake raises a host of interesting question about heritable characteristics, genetic and possibly otherwise. As for the more mystical side of this conversation, well, to each his own. For me, that part of the conversation simply falls outside the purview of what I find interesting in this exchange between Rogan and Sheldrake.