Source: Facts about Covid-19 – Swiss Policy Research (swprs.org)
Facts about Covid-19
Updated: December 2020; Share on: Twitter / Facebook
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Fully referenced facts about covid-19, provided by experts in the field, to help our readers make a realistic risk assessment. (Regular updates below).
“The only means to fight the plague is honesty.” (Albert Camus, 1947)
- Lethality: According to the latest immunological studies, the overall infection fatality rate (IFR) of covid-19 in the general population is about 0.1% to 0.5% in most countries, which is comparable to the medium influenza pandemics of 1957 and 1968.
- Treatment: For people at high risk or high exposure, early or prophylactic treatment is essential to prevent progression of the disease and avoid hospitalization.
- Age profile: The median age of covid deaths is over 80 years in most countries and only about 5% of the deceased had no serious preconditions. In contrast to pandemic influenza, the age and risk profile of covid mortality is thus comparable to normal mortality and increases it proportionally.
- Nursing homes: In many Western countries, up to two thirds of all covid deaths have occurred in nursing homes, which require targeted and humane protection. In some cases it is not clear whether the residents really died of covid or of weeks of stress and isolation.
- Excess mortality: Up to 30% of all additional deaths may have been caused not by covid, but by the effects of lockdowns, panic and fear. For example, the treatment of heart attacks and strokes decreased by up to 40% because many patients no longer dared to go to hospital.
- Antibodies: By summer 2020, global hotspots such as New York City and Bergamo had reached antibody levels of approximately 25%. Capital cities such as Madrid, London and Stockholm were around 15%. Large parts of Europe and the US, however, were still below 5%.
- Symptoms: Up to 40% of all infected persons show no symptoms, about 80% show at most mild symptoms, and about 95% show at most moderate symptoms and do not require hospitalization. Mild cases may be due to protective T-cells from earlier common cold coronavirus infections.
- Long covid: About 10% of symptomatic people report post-acute or long covid, i.e. symptoms that last for several weeks or months. This also affects younger and previously healthy people with a strong immune response. The post-viral syndrome is known from severe influenza, too.
- Transmission: According to current knowledge, the main routes of transmission of the virus are indoor aerosols and droplets produced when speaking or coughing, while outdoor aerosols as well as most object surfaces appear to play a minor role.
- Masks: There is still little to no scientific evidence for the effectiveness of cloth face masks in the general population, and the introduction of mandatory masks couldn’t contain or slow the epidemic in most countries. If used improperly, masks may increase the risk of infection.
- Children and schools: In contrast to influenza, the risk of disease and transmission in children is very low in the case of covid. There was and is therefore no medical reason for the closure of elementary schools or other measures specifically aimed at children.
- Contact tracing: A WHO study of 2019 on measures against influenza pandemics concluded that from a medical perspective, contact tracing is “not recommended in any circumstances”. Contact tracing apps on cell phones have also failed in most countries.
- PCR tests: The virus test kits used internationally may in some cases produce false positive and false negative results or react to non-infectious virus fragments from a previous infection. In this regard, the so-called cycle threshold or ct value is an important parameter.
- Medical mismanagement: In the US and some other countries, fatal medical mismanagement of some covid patients occurred due to questionable financial incentives and inappropriate protocols. In most countries, covid in-hospital mortality has since decreased significantly.
- Lockdowns: The WHO warned that lockdowns have caused a “terrible global catastrophe”. According to the UN, lockdowns may put the livelihood of 1.6 billion people at acute risk and may push an additional 150 million children into poverty. Unemployment, bankruptcies and psychological problems have reached record levels worldwide.
- Sweden: In Sweden, total mortality without lockdown has so far been in the range of a strong influenza season. 70% of Swedish deaths occurred in nursing homes that were not protected quickly enough. The median age of the Swedish covid deaths is 84 years.
- Media: The reporting of many media has been unprofessional, has maximized fear and panic in the population and has led to a massive overestimation of the lethality and mortality of covid. Some media even used manipulative pictures and videos to dramatize the situation.
- Vaccines: Several medical experts warned that express coronavirus vaccines may be risky. Indeed, the vaccine against the so-called swine flu of 2009, for example, led to cases of severe neurological damage and lawsuits in the millions. In the testing of new coronavirus vaccines, too, serious complications and failures have already been reported.
- Virus origin: The origin of the new corona virus remains unclear, but the best evidence currently points to a covid-like pneumonia incident in a Chinese mine in 2012, whose virus samples were collected, stored and researched by the Virology Institute in Wuhan (WIV).
- Surveillance: NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden warned that the covid pandemic may be used to permanently expand global surveillance. In several parts of the world, the population is being monitored by drones and facing serious police overreach during lockdowns.
- On the treatment of Covid-19
- Studies on Covid-19 lethality
- The evidence on face masks
- On post-acute (“long”) Covid
- On the origin of SARS-CoV-2
Latest SPR Covid Updates
- The Zero Covid Countries (December 2020)
- Why Covid-19 is a “strange pandemic” (September 2020)
- New Antibody Data for the US and Sweden (November 2020)
- SARS-2 in Italy in August 2019? Very unlikely. (November 2020)
- Great Barrington Declaration vs John Snow Memorandum (Dec.)
- Covid: The Big Picture in 7 Charts (October 2020)
- The Irish Lockdown Illusion (December 2020)
- Covid-19: Some Good News (December 2020)
- Danish Mask Study: No Benefit (November 2020)
- On the Suppressed Danish Mask Study (October 2020)
- WHO Mask Study Seriously Flawed (September 2020)
Vaccines and Treatment
- Vaccines: Hope or Hype? (November 2020)
- Vaccines: Successes and Controversies (December 2020)
- Dr Pierre Kory on Covid Early Treatment (December 2020)
- Ivermectin may defeat covid-19 (November 2020)
- Remdesivir: An Epidemic Failure (Oktober 2020)
- Switzerland: Still without lockdown, mortality comparable to very strong flu wave
- Germany: No excess mortality in 2020, but low antibody seroprevalence
- Belgium: Highest Covid mortality in the world and historic comparison
- Sweden: No lockdown, no masks, mortality comparable to strong flu wave.
- Japan: No lockdown, but by far lowest mortality among G8 countries.
- Australia and New Zealand: Last Western countries following a zero-covid strategy
- Africa and Latin America: Lowest and highest covid mortality in the world.
- Belarus: Low covid mortality despite no lockdown, but unique demographics.
- Italy: Significant differences between northern and southern Italy.
- Nembro (Italy): The hardest hit place in Europe. What happened?
Godfree Roberts (@GodfreeTrh) said:
The origin of the new corona virus remains unclear, but the best evidence points to the Lombardy region in northern Italy, the US northeast, or India.
Evidence for the US can be found in the CDC paper, Serologic testing of U.S. blood donations to identify SARS-CoV-2-reactive antibodies: December 2019-January 2020
Sridhar V Basavaraju, MD, Monica E Patton, MD, Kacie Grimm, Mohammed Ata Ur Rasheed, PhD, Sandra Lester, PhD, Lisa Mills, PhD, Megan Stumpf, Brandi Freeman, PhD, Azaibi Tamin, PhD, Jennifer Harcourt, PhD ..
The CDC found 4.7 million US Covid cases in mid-December, 2019. https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa1785/6012472
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Thanks Norman. Helpful.
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